7. Marine Terraces
Along the entire length of the coastline around Kato Zakros bay, successive flat surfaces appear on the slopes of the mountains at different altitudes that reach up to 300 meters. These surfaces are indications of sea level in ancient times and are created by the erosion of waves. The different altitudes of these marine terraces reveal the gradual elevation of Crete which is particularly evident in this area. Fossils of dwarf hippopotamuses and deer that lived at least 21,000 years ago in the broader area have been found on the lowest terraces, which is about 20 meters above sea level.
12. Agia Irene Coastal Caves
On the beach of Agia Irene, in the southernmost point of the region, caves can be seen in the rocky coastal cliffs, which were created by surface water and coastal erosion (waves), back when they were at sea level. These caves are impressive landforms and stand witness to the fluctuation of sea level during the recent geological past.